IMAGE: CNS photo/Sergei Chirikov, EPA
By Cindy Wooden
VATICAN CITY (CNS) — After almost three decades of tense
Catholic-Russian Orthodox relations, Pope Francis will meet Patriarch Kirill of
Moscow Feb. 12 in Cuba on the pope’s way to Mexico.
It will be the first-ever meeting of a pope and Moscow
patriarch, Jesuit Father Federico Lombardi, Vatican spokesman, told reporters
As Pope Francis travels to Mexico and as Patriarch Kirill makes an official visit to Cuba, the two
will meet at Havana’s Jose Marti International Airport and plan to sign a joint
declaration, Father Lombardi said. The pope will leave Rome earlier than planned to allow time for the
meeting without forcing any changes to his schedule in Mexico, he added.
The meeting “will mark an important stage in relations
between the two churches,” said a joint declaration on the meeting.
Cuba meeting was not an “improvisation,” Father Lombardi said; it took
two years of intense planning and negotiations to schedule. Even when the idea
of a meeting was just a vague hope, both Catholic and Orthodox officials
insisted it would have to take place on “neutral” territory rather
than at the Vatican or in Russia.
the first ever meeting of a pope and Russian patriarch, he said, “is an
event that, in the ecumenical journey and in the dialogue between Christian
confessions, has an extraordinary importance.”
meeting will come as representatives of Orthodox churches from around the world
are preparing for a pan-Orthodox Council meeting in Crete in June. Ecumenical
Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople, spiritual leader of Orthodox Christians,
“naturally, has been informed” of plans for the pope and Patriarch
Kirill to meet and expressed “his joy for this step forward,” Father
Holding a simple meeting with a Moscow patriarch, spiritual
leader of the world’s largest Orthodox church, was a failed dream of St. John
Paul II and an opportunity that escaped retired Pope Benedict XVI as well.
Repeatedly after the Soviet bloc began dissolving in 1989
and the once-repressed Eastern Catholic churches began functionally publicly
again, Russian Orthodox leaders insisted there could be no meeting between a
pope and a patriarch as long as Catholics were “proselytizing” in
what the Orthodox considered their territory.
The Vatican insisted the Catholic Church rejects proselytism,
which it defines as actively seeking converts from another Christian community,
including through pressure or offering enticements. The Russian Orthodox had
insisted such types of proselytism occurred in both Russia and Ukraine,
although the Vatican said that when asked, the Orthodox provided no proof.
St. John Paul re-established the Latin-rite Catholic
hierarchy of Russia in 2002, which led to the Russian Orthodox withdrawing from
dialogue with the Vatican for several years. Even as tensions over the Catholic
presence in Russia waned, the Russian Orthodox insisted a bigger example of
proselytism was the loss of its churches in the newly independent Ukraine.
The Vatican recognized there were some instances of
excessive zeal early on, but rejected the use of the term
“proselytism” as a blanket description for the re-establishment of
the Ukrainian Catholic Church. The Ukrainian Catholic Church was outlawed by
the Soviet government in the 1940s and its property was confiscated by the
government, which in turn gave some churches to the Russian Orthodox. Byzantine-rite
Catholics who once could worship only in a Russian Orthodox church, returned to
Catholic services and sought the return of church property.
Lombardi said the fact that a meeting has been scheduled “allows one to
think that on various points dialogue has matured and allowed some things that
were once seen as obstacles to be overcome.”
step toward dialogue, understanding, a will to draw closer to each other,
understand each other and walk together” after “a past of distancing
themselves and even of polemics and division is a positive sign for
everyone,” especially considering the huge numbers of Catholics and
Russian Orthodox in the world, the spokesman said.
Jesuit Father David Nazar, rector of Rome’s Pontifical
Oriental Institute and a Ukrainian Catholic from Canada, told Catholic News
Service, “If this were to take place, it would be big news in the Year of
Mercy. To make a step in this direction is beautiful, but also irreversible.”
Especially for Catholics in Russia and Ukraine, he said,
relations with the Russian Orthodox are complicated, including because of the
close relationship between the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian
government, which annexed the Crimea and is supporting fighting in Eastern
Father Nazar described his reaction to the news as
“cautiously optimistic” and said he hoped it would mark “a new
beginning” in Catholic-Russian Orthodox relations.
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