IMAGE: CNS photo/Tyler Orsburn
By Carol Glatz
VATICAN CITY (CNS) — Overly strict immigration laws do
not discourage migration, and more must be done to keep migrant families
together, a Vatican representative said.
“The migrant family is a crucial component of our
globalized world, but in too many countries the presence of the families of
migrant workers is often legally impeded,” said Archbishop Ivan Jurkovic,
Vatican observer to U.N. agencies in Geneva.
“If we truly wish to leave no one behind, we must
devise frameworks that help keep families together, including migrant families.
The human vacuum left behind when a father or a mother migrates alone is a
stark reminder of the toughness of the choice to migrate and of the fundamental
right to be able to stay at home in dignity,” he said.
Archbishop Jurkovic spoke Oct. 12 about regularized
migration during a U.N. session preparing for a global compact for migration dedicated
to facilitating safe, orderly and regular migration around the world.
“A tangible sign of increasing inequalities,
socio-economic imbalances and unregulated globalization,” he said, is the
fact that there are some 1 billion people in the world with some sort of migratory
The constant and increased recourse to irregular or
illegal ways to migrate is yet another symptom of a system that does not manage
migration effectively, he said.
“Regrettably, all too often, the response to
irregular migration is a short-term one, with a strong emphasis placed on
security,” he said.
“But while it is right and just to respect the
legitimate interests of the receiving countries, it is possible and highly
recommended to reconcile these interests with migrants’ rights,” he added.
Some ways to do that, he said, would include keeping
migrant families together as well as making available more legal and
“dignified pathways” for migration.
“Overtly strict immigration laws and restrictive
immigration policies, including limits to migrants’ access to social services,
hardly discourage migration,” he said.
“Desperation and hope always prevail over
restrictive policies. Unfortunately, the same is true for profits, hence,
turning to an irregular workforce becomes the likely response when there is a
strong demand for ‘cheap’ labor,” he said.
Policies should also be attentive to the hidden problems migrants
may face when in a country illegally, the archbishop said.
“They find themselves ignored and neglected, gripped
by the constant fear of expulsion or deportation. Out of desperation, they are
compelled to accept dangerous work conditions, and often end up being exploited
and abused,” he said.
“Indubitably, every state has the sovereign right
and responsibility to regulate the movement of people and should do so with a
clear system of migration laws,” Archbishop Jurkovic said.
“However, the approach to migration in all of its
aspects, including irregular migration, should begin first and foremost from
the perspective of the human person, and his or her fundamental rights as such,
with special attention given to unaccompanied minors, the elderly, and those
with special needs.
“In this regard, states should avoid the
criminalization of irregular migrants and ensure the respect of the principle
of non-refoulement,” that is, to forbid countries from forcibly returning
asylum seekers to a country where they would likely be persecuted.
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Follow Glatz on Twitter: @CarolGlatz.
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